What are BTUs? How to calculate them?

BTUs, or British Thermal Units, are a unit of measurement for thermal energy. One BTU represents the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. BTUs are commonly used to measure the cooling or heating capacity of appliances such as air conditioners, heaters and radiators. The higher the BTU number, the more heat or cool the unit is capable of producing.

Calculating BTUs requires taking into account several factors, including the surface area of ​​the room to be heated or cooled, insulation, exposure to sunlight, number of occupants, etc. Here is a basic formula for estimating the BTUs needed to heat or cool a room:

For heating:
1. Calculate the area of ​​the room in square feet.
2. Multiply this surface area by 25 if the room is well insulated, or by 30 if it is less well insulated.
3. Add 1,000 BTU per occupant of the room.

For cooling:
1. Calculate the area of ​​the room in square feet.
2. Multiply this area by 25.
3. Add 400 BTU per occupant of the room.

These formulas provide a general estimate of the BTUs needed.

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